Moles are mammals that live under ground, burrowing holes. Some species are aquatic or semi-aquatic.
They have cylindrical bodies covered in short, velvety, gray to pale brown fur with small or covered eyes;
the ears are generally not visible. It’s snout is long, pink, and flexible. Legs very short; front feet have wide,
round, fleshy palms that are turned out, and 5 long white claws. Tail is short, with few hairs. Feeds on
earthworms and beetle larvae in shallow tunnels under soil surface. They feed on small invertebrate animals
living under ground. It is an insectivore, not a rodent, and is related to shrews and bats. Moles dig fast:
about eighteen feet an hour. They may be able to tunnel 100 feet a day or more, depending on soil conditions.
Therefore, the number of mole hills is not a measure of the number of moles in a given area.
Mole Nuisance Concerns
Mole Holes TunnelingMoles remove many damaging insects and grubs from lawns and gardens. However, their burrowing habits disfigure lawns and parks, destroy flower beds, tear up the roots of grasses, and create havoc in small garden plots. Moles leave volcano-shaped hills that are often made up of clods of soil. The mole hills are pushed up from the deep tunnels and may be 2 to 24 inches tall. Surface tunnels or ridges are indicative of mole activity.
How will you know that you have a mole problem? You will see it in the form of molehills or surface runs across your lawn. Why should this problem be treated? Moles cause a lot of damage to the sub strata of your garden or paddock and in extreme cases this can be a severe health and safety risk especially if livestock are present. In addition they carry disease in the form of Clostridium. When you find holes in the lawn they are Meadow Voles not moles! Meadow voles field mice regularly find a nesting site within a disused or vacant mole tunnel, if left unchecked an infestation is inevitable. Over time these rodents will devastate your lawn and enter your premises in search of food.